Bhutan's early history
is steeped in Buddhist tradition and mythology. The medieval and
modern times were a time of warlords, feuds, giant fortresses and
castles. The visit of Padma Sambhava in AD 747 is an important landmark
in the history of the country. The recent history of the kingdom
begins with a hereditary monarchy, founded in the last century.
It continued the country's policy of isolationism. Under the leadership
of the third king Bhutan emerged from the medieval past of serfdom
Despite the speed of modernisation, Bhutan has maintained a policy
of careful, controlled policy of development in order to preserve
its national identity. Though known as Bhutan to the outside world,
for Bhutanese Drukpa, the country known as Druk Yul: The land of
Bhutan is a landlocked country with
a land area of 47,000 sq. km. Bordered with Tibet to the north,
Indian states of West Bengal and Assam in the south and Arunachal
Pradesh in the east, Bhutan is a land of soaring snow-capped peaks,
alpine meadows and densely forested hills and ravines abounding
in exotic flora and fauna, waterfalls and streams that gush in wild
abandon. From May to August, an awesome variety of flowers decorate
Bhutan's climate is
quite unpredictable and varies dramatically, with tropical climate
in the south, temperate at the middle and cold to the north of the
country. In Thimpu and Paro valleys, the winter daytime temperature
averages 60 degrees Fahrenheit during clear winter days but drops
below freezing during the night. Western Bhutan during mid December
to early January can be beautifully clear and dry. Late December
to mid February is the period of heaviest snowfall in the higher
One can visit to Bhutan any time of the year but
mid September to November and March to June are considered the best
season. During these months, colorful festivals brighten up the
One of the ancient names given to Bhutan,
a botanical paradise, was 'Southern Valleys of Medicinal Herbs'.
To name a few floras in Bhutan — rhododendron, junipers and
magnolias several metres high, carnivorous plants, rare orchids,
blue poppy (national flower), edelweiss, gentian, medicinal plants,
danphe, giant rhubarb, high-altitude plants, tropical tress, pine
Among the rare and exotic faunas found in Bhutan are — Golden
Languor, Red Pandas, black-necked Crane, Snow Leopard, Takin, Musk
Deer, Himalayan Brown Bear, Himalayan Marten, Tiger, Hornbills,
Pheasants, Mountain Goats and timid Blue Sheep.
The state religion is Drukpa Kagyupa,
a branch of Mahayana Buddhism, has been institutionalized in the
Dratshang (Central Monk body), headed by the Je Khenpo (Chief Abbot),
who is chosen from among the most learned Lamas and enjoys an equal
rank with the King. Bhutan is the only country in the world to have
adopted Mahayana Buddhism in its Tantric form as its official religion.
The Buddhist faith has played and continues to play a fundamental
role in the cultural, ethical and sociological development of Bhutan
and its people. It permeates all strands of secular life.
- The total population of Bhutan is about 600,000. Bhutanese are
a Mongolic race of people who originally migrated into and settled
the country in the 7th Century AD. A nomadic and pastoral society
at first, they gradually turned to agriculture in the fertile
valleys.There are three main ethnic groups — the Ngalongs
in the western and central regions are the descendants of Tibetan
immigrants, who arrived in Bhutan from the 9th century. The Sharchops,
who live in the east of the country, are recognized as the original
inhabitants of Bhutan. The third group known as Lhotshampas represents
the Nepali speaking ethnic group.
- Dzongkha, "the language of the dzong", belongs to
the Tibetan families of languages. Originally spoken only in western
Bhutan, it is the Bhutan's national language. The written form
of the language was only devised a little over 30 years ago, and
is based on Classical Tibetan (known as Choekey in Bhutan). It
has prevailed as a religious language throughout a vast geographical
area (Tibet, Nepal, Ladakh, Sikkim, Mongolia and Bhutan) since
as long as the eighth century.
| It is rare to see Western dress in Bhutan.
Men still wear the traditional knee-length, hand-woven fabric robe
called "gho". Women wear a longer, ankle-length robe called
a "kira" with the pattern usually being distinctive to particular
valley or area. It is mandatory to wear the national dress at all
times besides at the hour of sports.
The most convenient mode of travelling to Bhutan is by Air.
Druk Air operates its flights from Kathmandu to Paro twice a
Reservation & Visa: Booking
should reach us at least 2 weeks in advance with all passport
details with 25% of tour cost and full payment at least a
month prior to the beginning of the tour for confirmed booking.
This is to avoid last minute hassles especially in the high
season APRIL & OCTOBER, as the infrastructure in BHUTAN
can handle only a limited number of tourists at a time. Only
upon confirmation, we will process your BHUTAN visa.
- Cancellation: There will be a cancellation
charge of 50% for confirmed booking before 7 days of trip departure.
No refund thereafter even for NO SHOWS OR DELAYED ARRIVAL or
- Tour Operation : Departures are
guaranteed for all programs for individuals and exclusive arrangements
for groups. However, they are subject to road conditions.
- Accommodation: Best hotels in PARO
& THIMPU and in other places Guest House/Lodges in modest
heated rooms with attached bathroom. During peak seasons, there
can be a rush for hotel accommodation. Sufficient advance notice
to us for hotel reservation is advisable.
What to bring:
Bhutan's changeable climate means you have to bring an assortment
of clothes, including rain gear. Good walking shoes or hiking
boots are essential even if you are not hiking. Because of the
altitude, headgear, a hat or cap, bug repellent and a good pair
of sunglasses are essential. Warm clothes are recommended for
the evening, dress-up clothes for festivals. First aid supplies,
flashlight, Swiss knife, earplugs (and spares) for when you
sleep. There are many stray dogs in Bhutan as the Bhutanese
consider them as next humankind in the cycle of life. Please
do not wear shorts in public buildings or monasteries.
Sturdy trekking / hiking boots, sunglasses, sunscreen (highest
possible), headgear, rain gear, sleeping bag, torch (flashlight),
insect repellent, cotton trousers, cotton skirt for women (at
least one), down jacket — in winter, T-shirts or short-sleeved
cotton shirts and sandals.
Note: April & October are high season because
there are full of colourful festivals with excellent weather.
Risk & Liability:
Sampurna Aventura will put every effort to make your journey
very smooth and pleasant. However, all the programs in BHUTAN
are conducted strictly under the rules and regulations of BHUTAN
TOURISM AUTHORITY. Therefore, Sampurna Aventura Travel &
Tours (P) LTD. or its Bhutanese counterpart shall not be responsible
for any changes and alterations in the itinerary due to unavoidable
circumstances such as landslides, road blockade, flood, snow
and unrest, cancellation of flight, delay arrival, sickness
or accidents. Any extra cost incurring thereof shall be borne
by the client on the spot. It is most advisable that all clients
have full insurance.
Note: For trekking in Bhutan, a group of minimum of 2 pax
For Tour Cost:
Tour cost will be calculated according to tour and number of
The Settled Cost Will Includes:
Twin sharing room in the best available accommodation mode (hotel
or tourist cottage), all meals, overland transportation within
BHUTAN (Japanese vehicles), sightseeing as per itinerary with
English speaking guide, necessary airport / hotel / airport
transfer. In TREKS, accommodation in the best available tents
(MOSS), with all meals air pillows, sheet, hot water bottle,
dinning tents, kitchen tents, toilet tents etc. backed by our
skilful and experienced crew.
Cost Does Not Include:
Airfare, airport taxes, BHUTAN VISA fee (USD 30 payable at airport
upon arrival), NEPAL re-entry visa fee, drinks at hotel / lodge
and expenses of personal nature such as laundry, tips, insurance